Terminalia is a specie of tree known by the common names of Ivory Coast almond, idigbo, black afara.


Black afara is a large deciduous forest tree ranging in height from 15 to 46 meter

The tree is found in Nigeria It is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List  

The wood has a density of about 560 kg per cubic meter. The wood is a pale yellow-brown in color, seasons well with little movement in service, but is generally of low strength.



The durable heartwood is used as timber in joinery and high-class furniture.



A massive forest tree to 50 m high, with a strong clean bole, to 35 m long by 5 m girth, broad, blunt buttresses, occurring principally in the partly deciduous forest zone between the true evergreen rain-forest and savanna woodland, from Guinea to W Cameroons. It is one of the principle timber trees of West Africa with numerous expatriate names as indicated above, and traded in anglophone territories as idigbo (Yoruba) and in francophone territories as framiré (Anyi). The timber is yellow to light brown, moderately hard, heavy, coarse-textured, grain straight or wavy, fairly strong, easy to work. It seasons easily, shrinking a little. The timber is fairly resistant to fungal and insect attack except by pinhole borers and termite in the sap-wood. The wood is said to be resistant to penetration by preservatives. The timber is used for primary construction work and general utility purposes for which it is available in large baulks; for house-building, planking, door and window-frames, etc. It saws well, nails and glues well, and its decorative graining makes it a desirable wood for high-class joinery, cabinetry, furniture and domestic uses. It is suitable for plywoods and veneers. The wood splits easily and is much used in Ghana for roof-shingles which are said to have a life of 15–20 years. Natural forest stands have, where accessible, been much depleted. The tree is sun-loving, fast growing and has a vigorous natural regeneration in secondary forest. Furthermore, the tree appears amenable to plantation husbandry. There have been problems of insect-damage in monoculture, but the ‘taungya’ system with intercropping or avenue planting in forest or mixed plantations offer prospect for successful cultivation). The tree is naturally not long lived, and in old age the heart-wood becomes inferior, hollow or brittle). Cultivation should ensure felling at the optimum age. Other local uses of the wood are to make frames for mud-huts, and the logs for dug-out canoes and rice mortars.


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